Alpha measures the difference between a fund's expected returns based on its beta and its actual returns. A positive alpha indicates the fund has performed better than its beta would predict. A negative alpha indicates a fund has underperformed, given the fund's beta.
The amount a fund pays to its fund manager for the work of overseeing the fund's holdings. Normally charged daily to the fund and reflected in the fund's net asset value.
The weighting of investments across different asset classes (such as stocks, bonds, real estate and cash) to optimize the risk/reward trade-off to meet a specific strategy or goal.
The basic categories of assets or investments which include equity, fixed income, real estate, etc.
The transfer of all legal and beneficial rights under an insurance policy to a third party.
A quantitative standard against which a fund's performance can be measured, usually in form of a well-known market index or combination of indexes.
The designated person(s) entitled to the proceeds of death benefit of a life inusrance policy.
Beta is a historical measure of a fund's sensitivity when compared to a benchmark. It represents the percentage change in a fund's value for each 1% change in the fund's benchmark. If the beta is more than 1, the investment typically moves (which can be up or down) more than the benchmark. A fund with a Beta close to 1 means that the fund will move generally in line with the benchmark.
The difference between the fund's offer and bid price. Most of our investment choices do not have bid and offer spread.
The price at which the units of investment choice are sold by the investors.
The years that the policyholder committed to pay regular contribution and additional regular contribution (if any) in the relevant investment-linked assurance scheme.
The cooling-off notice should inform you or your representative of the availability of the Policy and your right to cancel it within the stated twenty one (21) calendar day period. For the avoidance of doubt, the day of delivery of the Policy or the cooling-off notice is not included for the calculation of the twenty-one (21) calendar day period.
Measure of the linear relationship between two funds' performance. It is always between -1 and +1. A positive correlation indicates that fund returns and benchmark returns move in the same directions on average while a negative correlation indicates the opposite. A value of zero means that no linear relationship exists.
The charge made by an insurance company to cover the mortality, annuity payment and other benefits and is mainly based on the gender, age, smoking habit, the sum insured, class of risk of the life insured and the death benefit option. Currently, most of the 101 plans do not have the cost of insurance.
An important document that must be completed and signed before a customer agrees or makes a decision in relation to the purchase of a new life insurance policy to replace the existing policy.
The proceeds payable on the death of the life insured by the insurer.
An approach applied by an insurance company for operating its investment choices. Under this approach, the investment exposure, fee and charges and investment return of the investment choices are in line with the corresponding underlying funds. Currently, Standard Life is using the direct fund approach.
The process of allocating portfolio funds across different kind of asset classes with a view to reduce the risk of the portfolio. The diversification is effective if the invested asset classes need to have low correlation with each other.
"It is an effective investment strategy helping investors to average out the cost of units over a whole investment period which may mitigate the effect of short-term market fluctuation; and the risk of wrong investment timing. Through Dollar Cost Averaging strategy, investors have to invest a fixed amount of money at regular intervals, regardless of whether the market is up or down. Investors could buy more units when the price of the asset is low and fewer units when the price of the asset is high with the same amount of money."
A fund that invests primarily in stocks, usually with the objective of providing long-term capital growth.
A fund that seeks regular income primarily by investing in bonds.
A document that demonstrate clearly the projected surrender values over the term of the policy, based on two assumed net rates of returns. It must be signed before the application of the policy.
A provision in life insurance policy which states that insured’s failure to disclose a material fact or making of an incorrect statement about a material fact will not, in the absence of fraud, render the the policy voidable by the insurer after it has been in force for a specified period of time.
A provision in a life insurance policy which states that if the life insured’s date of birth or sex is misstated, the amount payable and every benefit accruing under the policy will be calculated on the basis of the contributions paid and at the correct age or sex.
It means the ratio of return and risk. This is a technique to assess a manager to uses skill and knowledge to enhance returns. It is calculated by deducting the returns of the fund’s benchmark from the fund’s overall returns, then dividing the result by its Tracking Error.
The legal right to insure an individual's life. It is required at the commencement of any such insurance.
This is a fund created and maintained by Standard Life for the allocation of policyholders' investment under the investment-linked assurance schemes. All the investment choices are linked to the underlying funds managed by investment managers.
It is groupings of the underlying funds. Investment Universes are the subsets of asset classes of the underlying funds. For example China equity, Global bond, European equity etc.
An insurance policy with its policy value generally linked to the performance of the investment choices selected by the policyholders.
The person whose life is insured under an insurance policy.
A fact which would is likely to influence the insurer's decision to offer the policy or affect coverage provided or the contribution which the insurer would charge for the policy.
An approach applied by an insurance company for operating their investment choices. Under this approach, the investment exposure, fee and charges and investment return of the investment choices may be different from the corresponding underlying funds.
"A fund mainly invests in short-term debts and "money-like" securities".
The market value of a fund's assets minus its liabilities divided by the number of shares outstanding.
The price at which the units of investment choice are bought by the investors.
The years during which an insurance policy remains in force.
The person or business that owns an insurance policy.
The documents which contain the information necessary for prospective scheme participants to be able to make an informed decision on the proposed investment.
The process for a policyholder to resume the coverage of a lapsed policy under certain circumstances.
Using the share dividends or bond coupon payments earned in an existing investment to purchase additional shares or units.
An amendment or addition to the policy, frequently to include more benefits.
The risk level of the Investment Choices is assigned by Heng An Standard Life (Asia) Limited and is based on the Morningstar quantitative risk ranking methodology, which is a quantitative measure that focuses on an investment choice’s downside risk. The ranking system is a simple 1-5 scale representing an ascending order of riskiness--that is, 1 – Low ; 2 – Below Average; 3 – Average; 4 – Above Average and 5 – High. Please note that the volatility and the risk level of an investment choice may change over time and the future market volatility may not follow the historical volatility. A high risk level indicates that the return may be relatively more sensitive to changes of market conditions and is more volatile. A low risk level indicates that the return may be relatively less sensitive to changes of market conditions and is less volatile. However, you should note that the risk level of the Investment Choices is for reference only and a low risk level does not mean it is risk free.
An investor's ability to handle a negative change in the value of his/her portfolio.
R-Squared reflects the percentage of a fund's movements that are explained by movements in its benchmark index. A higher R-squared indicates a more useful beta figure. A lower R-squared (less than 70%) is less relevant to the fund's performance.
Sharpe Ratio indicates the reward per unit of risk by using standard deviation and excess return. The higher the Sharpe ratio, the better the fund's historical risk-adjusted performance.
The sum expressed in a policy as the maximum of the insurer's liability under an insurance that gives indemnity or the amount payable by way of benefit in other insurance such as life.
Termination of an insurance policy by the policyholder.
A facility which allows a policyholder to make transfer of the investment choices or alter their investment portfolios at any time.
A statistical measure used to quantify the extent to which a fund's return deviates from that of the benchmark. The larger the tracking error, the more the portfolio diverges from the market index, indicating an active management style.
A fund which is managed by investment managers and linked to an investment choice under the investment-linked insurance policies.
The legal document containing important information about a fund such as the investment objectives, the risks involved, how fees and charges are applied, etc., allowing investors to make investment decision with adequate information.
The process where an insurance company makes risk assessment on the insured.
In general, standard deviation will be used for measuring the volatility of an investments fund. Standard deviation shows how widely a range of returns varied from the fund’s average return over a particular period. The higher the standard deviation, the higher the volatility and the higher the risk of an investment fund.
The ability for the policyholder to take out a part of the value of the policy as long as certain conditions are fulfilled.